The theses of scientific works – reports, presentations, articles, etc., belong to the second type. In this case, it is assumed that the author knows the question well and its main task is a brief and succinct expression of this question in writing. The latter is not always easy and quick to do, but after completing the writing of the theses it turns out that the understanding of the described question or material has become deeper, new ideas often appear, it becomes easier to explain the essence of your work to others. This manual is dedicated to alleviating this task.
The main difference between theses and other scientific texts is a small volume (1–2 printed pages), in which it is necessary to present all the main ideas of the report (article). It is by the quality of theses that readers will judge the entire work as a whole, and decide on the need to get acquainted with the material in full.
Unsuccessfully written abstracts can scare the reader away from interesting scientific work. Conversely, a well-written abstract of the thesis draws attention to both the scientific material and the speaker. Of course, in many respects the quality of the theses is determined by the real scientific content of the work, but it can either be spoiled or profitably presented. At present, the practice is widespread that, following the consideration of theses of a report, the organizing committee of an international conference not only decides to include the relevant report in the conference program, but often also pays for the participation of the author (in whole or in part) because of the high significance of his.
Any abstract can be assigned to one of two main types:
Abstracts compiled by the publication of another author.
Abstracts written on the basis of their own original material.
In the first case, the author of the theses is not familiar with the material in advance and must carefully study it. Therefore, after a preliminary reading, the text is read again. At the same time break the text into a number of passages. Next, find in each part of the selected text that determined its initial division; write out or temporarily simply note this important thing in the text of the publication itself. Then, having thought out the selected well, having clarified its essence, they formulate certain provisions. This will be theses.